There are numerous studies on the effectiveness of boards that primarily focus on legal formalities, including gender diversity, board size, remuneration, board evaluation and the role of the chairman of the board.
While attempting to design a one-size-fits-all framework, scholars approaching board independence from an agency cost perspective have been less concerned with analyzing board structures that contribute to strategic decisionmaking and corporate performance. We examine the factors and board strategies that are associated with value creation and innovation by analyzing the composition of highperformance and high-growth companies. The paper shows that venture capitalists, with their specific expertise and experience, continue to play an important role as independent board members in the post-IPO period. We specifically investigate the importance of diversity, showing that there are significant differences between the companies in terms of age, gender diversity and business expertise (which is dependent on the stage in the company life-cycle).
This paper examines the effect of board gender diversity on renewable energy consumption. Using a sample of 11,677 firm-year observations from the USA for 2008–2016, we find a positive relationship between board gender diversity and renewable...Read more
This paper studies how managers react to shareholder empowerment vis-à-vis governance provisions. We show that a staggered legislative change that increases noncompliance costs in the implementation of shareholder-initiated majority voting...Read more
Using a novel text-based measure of top management team diversity, covering over 70,000 top executives in over 6,500 U.S. firms from 1999 to 2014, we show that analyst forecasts are systematically more pessimistic for firms with more diverse top...Read more
Investment mandates determine how more than $7tn of fixed income assets are managed by mutual funds in the US. Using textual analysis, we measure the use of credit ratings in fixed income mutual fund investment mandates. The use of ratings to...Read more