Standard setting for accountants and auditors takes places in international bodies, organised within the framework of the International Federation of Accountants. These are the International Standards on Auditing (ISAs) and the ethical standards. External oversight is exercised by the Public Interest Oversight Board, itself monitored by the international financial institutions.
The setting of these standards is based on a balance between expert interests, in which professionals play an important role, and external oversight. These self-regulatory standards are addressed to accountants worldwide and are transposed and implemented nationally by different means (legislation, contract, professional associations).