Shareholder Stewardship in India: The Desiderata

Shareholder Stewardship in India: The Desiderata

Umakanth Varottil

Series number :

Serial Number: 
505/2020

Date posted :

March 18 2020

Last revised :

March 18 2020
SSRN Share

Keywords

  • stewardship • 
  • Corporate governance • 
  • institutional investors • 
  • India

The goal of this paper is to examine whether the stewardship code, which emanated in circumstances that are specific to the United Kingdom (UK), is capable of transposition to other jurisdictions that experience different corporate structures as well as legal and institutional mechanisms.

It does so in the context of India, which has introduced a series of stewardship codes for different types of institutional investors. This paper cautions against the wholesale adoption of a UK-style stewardship code in India due to the specific factors that are at play in that jurisdiction, and instead calls for a sui generis approach to stewardship.


At least three reasons necessitate such a departure from the UK stewardship approach. First, while the prominence of institutional investors in the UK in the context of companies with dispersed ownership inspired the UK-style stewardship code, the roles and challenges that institutional investors experience in India in the context of concentrated shareholding are considerably different. Second, the goals of stewardship vary from the UK, where the focus is on the long-term financial sustainability of beneficiaries of institutional investors, to India, which follows a pluralistic stakeholder approach to corporate law. Third, the traditional mode in the UK of using a code-based soft law approach to implementation of stewardship is unsuitable to the Indian circumstances that steadfastly rely on mandatory rules in the form of hard law in the corporate arena.
 

Published in

Published in: 
Publication Title: 
"Global Shareholder Stewardship: Complexities, Challenges and Possibilities" (Dionysia Katelouzou & Dan W. Puchniak eds), Cambridge University Press, Forthcoming

Authors

Professor
Real name:
Umakanth Varottil
National University of Singapore