After a crisis, broad-sweeping reforms are enacted to restore trust. With the 2013 Fourth Capital Requirements Directive (CRD IV), the European Union has engaged in an ambitious overhaul of banking regulation following the Great Financial Crisis. Part of it tackles the perceived failings of banks? governance. We focus on various provisions that aim to reshape bank boards?
composition, functioning, and liabilities, and argue that they
are unlikely to improve bank boards? effectiveness and to prevent excessive risk-taking.
All in all, these rules may well negatively affect EU banks? governance. We conclude that
European policymakers and supervisors should avoid using a heavy hand, respectively when issuing rules implementing CRD IV provisions on bank boards and when enforcing them.
The European Court of Justice’s landmark decision in Centros was heralded as creating the preconditions for a vibrant market for incorporations in the EU. In practice, however, today’s corporate landscape in Europe differs little from...Read more
Investment mandates determine how more than $7tn of fixed income assets are managed by mutual funds in the US. Using textual analysis, we measure the use of credit ratings in fixed income mutual fund investment mandates. The use of ratings to...Read more
We provide an extensive analysis of the payout policy of U.S. banks during the crisis to examine potential risk-shifting and signaling motives of banks. We estimate an empirical model of bank payouts to assess the extent to which changes in...Read more
This article analyzes the main problems and the solutions adopted in the market for Initial Coin Offerings (ICO), an alternative financing solution that has experienced spectacular growth and notoriety in recent years. This market relies on the...Read more