Insider trading may alleviate financing constraints by conveying value-relevant information to the market (the information effect) or may exacerbate financing constraints by impairing market liquidity and distorting insiders? incentives to disclose value-relevant information (the confidence effect).
We examine the significance of these two contrasting effects by investigating the link between insider trading and financing constraints as measured by the investment-cash flow sensitivity. We find that, overall insider trading exacerbates financing constraints; however the information effect dominates the confidence effect for insider purchases. Only trades by executive directors are significantly related to financing constraints.
Credit rating actions could discipline management to improve asset allocations, but may also trigger corporate responses to alleviate ﬁnancial constraints. We investigate which effect (if any) dominates, using corporate asset sales as a...Read more
We examine the link between CEO overconfidence and speed of adjustment (SOA) of cash holdings for listed US firms. We find a negative effect of overconfident CEOs on the SOA. Further, CEO overconfidence increases the asymmetry in the SOA between...Read more
This article argues that there is a fundamental mismatch between the nature of finance and current approaches to financial regulation. Today’s financial system is a dynamic and complex ecosystem. For these and other reasons, policy makers and...Read more
We argue that CEOs have diﬀerent attitudes toward the ﬁrm’s stakeholders and that these diﬀerences in attitudes aﬀect the ﬁrm’s decision making. We hypothesize that these diﬀerences stem from diﬀerences in political ideology: Liberal CEOs, as...Read more