- Korea •
- Corporate governance •
- corporate governance index •
- law and ﬁ •
- nance •
- ﬁ •
- rm valuation •
- board of directors •
- Emerging markets
We report strong OLS and instrumental variable evidence that an overall corporate governance index is an important and likely causal factor in explaining the market value of Korean public companies. We construct a corporate governance index (KCGI, 0~100) for 515 Korean companies based on a 2001 Korea Stock Exchange survey.
We rely on unique features of Korean legal rules to construct an instrument for KCGI. Good instruments are not available in other comparable studies. Two-stage and three-stage least squares coefficients are larger than OLS coefficients and are highly significant. Thus, this paper offers evidence consistent with a causal relationship between an overall governance index and higher share prices in emerging markets.
We also find that Korean firms with 50% outside directors have 0.13 higher Tobin's q (roughly 40% higher share price), after controlling for the rest of KCGI. This effect, too, is likely causal. Thus, we report the first evidence consistent with greater board independence causally predicting higher share prices in emerging markets.
Post-publication version. This version accompanies a replication dataset and replication statistical code (in Stata). In the course of replication, we found several instances where we could not fully replicate the published version; these are noted below. Changes from the original are marked. These instances do not affect the core results of the paper. Most affect t-statistics, rather than coefficients, in most of these instances, the t-statistics are higher than originally reported.
- Stata 11 dataset: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2094774 [please cite as: Replication dataset (Stata 11) for Bernard Black, Hasung Jang, and Woochan Kim, Does Corporate Governance Predict Firms' Market Values? Evidence from Korea, 22 Journal of Law, Economics and Organization 366-413 (2006) (post-publication version at http://ssrn.com/abstract=311275)], dataset at http://ssrn.com/abstract=2094774]
- Statistical code: Stata 11 do file available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=2094775 [please cite as: Replication statistical code (Stata 11) for Bernard Black, Hasung Jang, and Woochan Kim, Does Corporate Governance Predict Firms' Market Values? Evidence from Korea, 22 Journal of Law, Economics and Organization 366-413 (2006) (post-publication version at http://ssrn.com/abstract=311275)], statistical code at http://ssrn.com/abstract=2094775]