Limited attention has been paid to the comparative fate of banks benefiting from TARP
Capital Purchase Program (CPP) funding and less fortunate banks subject to FDIC
resolution. We address this omission by investigating two core issues.
One is whether
commercial banks that ended up being subject to FDIC resolution received CPP funds.
The other is whether the non-allocation of CPP funds forced viable commercial banks
into FDIC receivership. Our findings show almost no overlap between CPP-funded and
FDIC-resolved commercial banks, but we provide evidence that a significant number of
FDIC-resolved banks could have avoided receivership if they had been allocated CPP
funding. By comparing estimated funding and resolution costs we also show that bailing out more banks would have been cost-efficient. While our results do not allow for any policy suggestion on the optimality of bail-outs per se, they suggest that once a bail-out program is already on the table, it is better to err on the side of rescuing too many rather than too few banks.
In order to favor shareholder investment over a longer time horizon, Italy introduced loyalty shares in late 2014, which allow double voting rights after a two-year continuous holding period. Italian listed firms which adopted loyalty shares (...Read more
Investment mandates determine how more than $7tn of fixed income assets are managed by mutual funds in the US. Using textual analysis, we measure the use of credit ratings in fixed income mutual fund investment mandates. The use of ratings to...Read more
We provide an extensive analysis of the payout policy of U.S. banks during the crisis to examine potential risk-shifting and signaling motives of banks. We estimate an empirical model of bank payouts to assess the extent to which changes in...Read more
Shocks that hit part of the financial system, such as the subprime mortgage market in 2007, can propagate through a complex network of interconnections among financial and non-financial institutions. As the financial crisis of 2007-2009 has shown...Read more