Sustainability or Performance? Ratings and Fund Managers’ Incentives

Sustainability or Performance? Ratings and Fund Managers’ Incentives

Nickolay Gantchev, Mariassunta Giannetti, Rachel Li

Series number :

Serial Number: 

Date posted :

March 19 2021

Last revised :

April 07 2021
SSRN Share


  • Sustainability • 
  • ESG • 
  • mutual funds • 
  • Fund Flows • 
  • Ratings

We show that following the introduction of Morningstar’s sustainability ratings (the “globe” ratings), mutual funds attempt to improve their globe ratings by increasing their demand for sustainable stocks. This trading behavior creates buying pressure, making stocks with high sustainability ratings overvalued.

As a consequence, a tradeoff between sustainability and performance arises and the performance of funds improving their globe ratings deteriorates. As performance appears to be more important in attracting flows than sustainability, a new equilibrium emerges in which the globe ratings stop affecting investor flows and funds no longer trade to improve their globe ratings. Our results highlight the issues arising when funds are evaluated along two different dimensions that create conflicting incentives for fund managers competing for flows.


Real name:
Rachel Li