Regulation

Working Paper

Regulatory and Market Challenges of Initial Coin Offerings

This article analyzes the main problems and the solutions adopted in the market for Initial Coin Offerings (ICO), an alternative financing solution that has experienced spectacular growth and notoriety in recent years. This market relies on the...Read more

Pablo de Andrés
David Arroyo
Ricardo Correia
Alvaro Rezola
14 December 2019

Centros, California’s “Women on Boards” Statute and the Scope of Regulatory Competition

In its 1999 Centros decision, the European Court of Justice affirmed that the EU right of establishment protects a corporation’s right to select a state of incorporation. Specifically, Centros rejected the argument that, under the real seat...Read more

Jill Fisch
Steven Davidoff Solomon
14 December 2019

Adoption of CSR and Sustainability Reporting Standards: Economic Analysis and Review

This study provides an economic analysis of the determinants and consequences of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and sustainability reporting. To frame our analysis, we consider a widespread mandatory adoption of CSR reporting standards in...Read more

Luzi Hail
Christian Leuz
14 December 2019

Addressing the Auditor Independence Puzzle: Regulatory Models and Proposal for Reform

Auditors play a major role in corporate governance and capital markets. Ex ante, auditors facilitate firms’ access to finance by fostering trust among public investors. Ex post, auditors can prevent misbehavior and prevent financial fraud by...Read more

Martin Gelter
Aurelio Gurrea-Martinez
14 December 2019

Defined Contribution Plans and the Challenge of Financial Illiteracy

Retirement investing in the United States has changed dramatically. The classic defined-benefit (DB) plan has largely been replaced by the defined contribution (DC) plan. With the latter, individual employees’ decisions about how much to save for...Read more

Jill Fisch
Annamaria Lusardi
Andrea Hasler
14 December 2019

Extended Shareholder Liability for Systemically Important Financial Institutions

Regulators generally have tried to address the problems posed by the excessive risk-taking of Systemically Important Financial Institutions (SIFIs) by placing restrictions on the activities in which SIFIs engage. However, the complexity of these...Read more

Luca Enriques
Jonathan Macey
14 December 2019

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