Working Paper

Further Assessment of the Iron Law of Financial Regulation: A Postscript to Regulating in the Dark

In an earlier companion essay, Regulating in the Dark, I contended that there is a systemic pattern in major U.S. financial regulation: (i) enactment is invariably crisis driven, adopted at a time when there is a paucity of information regarding...Read more

Roberta Romano
01 November 2014

Capital-Market Effects of Securities Regulation: Prior Conditions, Implementation, and Enforcement

This paper examines the economic effects of changes in securities regulation. We analyze two key directives in the European Union (EU) that tightened market abuse and transparency regulation. All EU member states were required to adopt these two...Read more

Luzi Hail
Christian Leuz
01 February 2014

Centros, the Freedom of Establishment for Companies, and the Court's Accidental Vision for Corporate Law

In consequence of the three ECJ cases in Centros (1999), Überseering (2002), and
Inspire Art (2003), EU member states can no longer effectively apply the real seat theory to companies from other Member States or take other measures to avoid...Read more

Martin Gelter
01 February 2015

Market Efficiency after the Financial Crisis: It?s Still a Matter of Information Costs

Compared to the worldwide financial carnage that followed the Subprime Crisis of 2007-2008, it may seem of small consequence that it is also said to have demonstrated the bankruptcy of an academic financial institution: the Efficient Capital...Read more

Ronald Gilson
Reinier Kraakman
01 February 2014