Markets

Working Paper

The Rise of Independent Directors in the United States, 1950-2005: of ShareholderValue and Stock Market Prices

Between 1950 and 2005, the composition of large public company boards dramatically shifted towards independent directors, from approximately 20% independents to 75% independents. The standards for independence also became increasingly rigorous...Read more

Jeffrey Gordon
01 August 2006

Shareholder Protection and Stock Market Development: An Empirical Test of the Legal Origins Hypothesis

We test the 'law matters' and 'legal origin' claims using a newly created panel dataset measuring legal change over time in a sample of developed and developing countries. Our dataset improves on previous ones by avoiding country-specific...Read more

John Armour
Simon Deakin
Mathias Siems
01 May 2008

On the Fortunes of Stock Exchanges and Their Reversals: Evidence from Foreign Listings

Using a sample that provides unprecedented detail on foreign listings for 29 exchanges in 24 countries starting from the early 1980s, we show that although firms list in countries with better investor protection, they are less likely to list in...Read more

Nuno Fernandes
Mariassunta Giannetti
01 August 2008

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