Working Paper

Governance through Shame and Aspiration: Index Creation and Corporate Behavior

After decades of both de-prioritizing shareholders' economic interests and low corporate profitability, Japan introduced the JPX400 in 2014. The index highlighted the country's "best-run" companies by annually selecting the 400 most profitable...Read more

Akash Chattopadhyay
Matthew D. Shaffer
Charles Wang
19 July 2018



We conduct an exploratory analysis of how researchers can address the issue of “construct validity”, which poses a major challenge to all studies of the effect of corporate governance on firm performance. Many corporate governance studies rely on aggregate governance “indices” to measure underlying, unobserved governance. But we are not confident that we know how to build these indices – often we are unsure both as to what is “good” governance, and how one can proxy for this vague concept using observable measures. These are construct validity questions.

September 22 2018