Financing

Working Paper

Why Do Family Business Groups Expand by Creating New Public Firms? The Role of Internal Capital Markets

We document a new channel through which a family business group's internal capital market supports its members. Using data from 44 countries, we provide evidence that groups use internal capital to incubate difficult-to-finance investment...Read more

Ronald Masulis
16 August 2017

Initial Coin Offerings: Financing Growth with Cryptocurrency Token Sales

Initial coin offerings (ICOs) are a significant innovation in entrepreneurial finance. The sale of a blockchain-based digital token associated with a specific platform or venture is a new financing instrument with some parallels to IPOs, venture...Read more

Sabrina T. Howell
Marina Niessner
David Yermack
19 July 2018

ICO Investors

We conduct a detailed analysis of investors in successful initial coin offerings (ICOs). The average ICO has 4,700 contributors. The median participant contributes small amounts and many investors sell their tokens before the underlying product...Read more

Ruediger Fahlenbrach
Marc Frattaroli
05 August 2019

Startups and Company Law: The Competitive Pressure of Delaware on Italy (and Europe?)

US corporate law and, in particular, Delaware law, which leaves ample room to freedom of contract, has been one of the reasons for the successful creation and financing of startups in Silicon Valley. We analyze the Italian attempt to modernize...Read more

Paolo Giudici
Peter Agstner
27 August 2019

Be Careful What You Ask for: Fundraising Strategies in Equity Crowdfunding

We use equity crowdfunding data to ask how fundraising amounts can be explained by what entrepreneurs ask for, versus what investors want to invest. The analysis exploits unique features of crowdfunding where entrepreneurs not only set investment...Read more

Thomas Hellmann
Ilona Mostipan
Nir Vulkan
19 September 2019

Pages