Dual Class Shares

Working Paper

Loyalty Shares with Tenure Voting - a Coasian bargain? Evidence from the Loi Florange Experiment

French listed companies can issue shares that confer two votes per share after a holding period of at least two years (loyalty shares with tenure voting rights). In 2014 the default rule changed from one-share-one-vote to loyalty shares. The...Read more

Marco Becht
Yuliya Kamisarenka
Anete Pajuste
16 April 2018

Changing Corporate Governance Norms: Evidence from Dual Class Shares in the U.K.

In the U.K., between 1955 and 1970, dual class shares quickly lost popularity without any regulatory intervention. The decline in the use of dual class shares was positively correlated with the relative valuations of one-share-one-vote and dual...Read more

Fabio Braggion
Mariassunta Giannetti
01 July 2013