Common Ownership

Working Paper

21 April 2021

The Tragedy of ‘The Tragedy of the Commons’ – Hardin vs. The Property Rights Theorists

Garrett Hardin’s “The Tragedy of the Commons” (Hardin, 1968) is widely influential but conceptually flawed. Hardin characterizes the commons problem as arising from the exercise of free will in a world with limited carrying...

Jonathan Karpoff
11 September 2018

Who’s Paying Attention? Measuring Common Ownership and Its Impact on Managerial Incentives

We derive a measure that captures the extent to which common ownership shifts managers’ incentives to internalize externalities. A key feature of the measure is that it allows for the possibility that not all investors are attentive...

Erik P. Gilje | Todd Gormley | Doron Levit