Capital

Working Paper

When Should Bankruptcy Law Be Creditor- or Debtor-Friendly? Theory and Evidence

We examine how creditor protection affects firms with different levels of owners’ and managers’ personal costs of bankruptcy. Theoretically, we show that firms with high personal costs of bankruptcy borrow and invest more under a more debtor-...Read more

David Schoenherr
Jan Starmans
24 September 2016

The Promise and Perils of Crowdfunding: Between Corporate Finance and Consumer Contracts

‘Crowdfunding’ — raising capital through large numbers of small contributions — is a burgeoning phenomenon, spurred by the internet’s capacity to reduce communication costs. Its still-evolving status is reflected in diversity of contracting...Read more

John Armour
Luca Enriques
18 September 2017

Fintech and the Financing of Entrepreneurs: From Crowdfunding to Marketplace Lending

For the last decade economists have been preoccupied with the decline in bank financing to small businesses and entrepreneurs. This effort has produced a better understanding of the obstacles to external financing. We examine the market and ...Read more

Joseph McCahery
Erik Vermeulen
25 September 2017

ICO Investors

We conduct a detailed analysis of investors in successful initial coin offerings (ICOs). The average ICO has 4,700 contributors. The median participant contributes small amounts and many investors sell their tokens before the underlying product...Read more

Ruediger Fahlenbrach
Marc Frattaroli
05 August 2019

Why Don?t All Banks Practice Regulatory Arbitrage? Evidence from Usage of Trust Preferred Securities

We investigate why only some banks use regulatory arbitrage. We predict that banks wanting to be riskier than allowed by capital regulations (constrained banks) use regulatory arbitrage while others do not. We find support for this hypothesis...Read more

René Stulz
01 December 2015

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