Corporate donations and shareholder value

Corporate donations and shareholder value

Hao Liang, Luc Renneboog

Series number :

Serial Number: 
491/2016

Date posted :

December 01 2016

Last revised :

January 10 2017
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Keywords

  • Corporate Social Responsibility • 
  • corporate philanthropy • 
  • charitable donations • 
  • political donations • 
  • corporate foundation • 
  • Corporate governance • 
  • firm value

Do corporate donations enhance shareholder wealth or reflect agency problems? We address this question for a global sample of firms whereby we distinguish between charitable and political donations, as well as between donations in cash and in kind.

We find that charitable donations are positively related to financial performance and firm value, which is consistent with the value-enhancement hypothesis. This positive effect on firm value is stronger for cash than in-kind donations. In contrast, political donations do not appear to enhance shareholder value, but rather tend to reflect agency problems, as they are higher for firms with poor internal corporate governance and strong managerial entrenchment. We address endogeneity concerns by using peer firms’ donations as an instrument in a two-stage least squares (2SLS) setting and by conducting a differenceindifference analysis around a general election.

Authors

Real name: 
Research Member
Singapore Management University, Lee Kong Chian School of Business